Bed bug bites- Health Risks:
When the resurgent epidemic of bed bugs around the whole world, researchers have discovered that health risks can be involved with bed bug bites.
Reactions to bed bug bites can be different depending upon the individual’s skin type and environment. Usually the bites consist of flat welts or elevated red bumps that itch terribly. These bumps are usually an allergic reaction to the anesthetic saliva that bed bugs inject during feeding. Other severe but rare cases of bites can lead to nausea and illness. A common response to bed bug infestations and bites are stress, anxiety, and insomnia.
Although it seems that bed bugs will be likely to pass on diseases from host to host, there actually have been many extensive lab tests that conclude bed bugs are unlikely to pass diseases from different hosts. Therefore bed bugs are more of a social stigma than dangerous pests.
Bed bug bite Treatment Methods
Temporary relief of itching and inflammation can be sought by application of hot water to the bitten area. The water should be hot enough to cause minor discomfort, but not hot enough to burn the skin. When handling hot water for temporary relief, treatment should be self administered to reduce the risk of burns.
Following the treatment, good sanitation and getting rid of any clusters will help prevent further spread of the infestation. Continual inspection for the activity of bed bugs will also help with the treatment.
Look further on Bed Bug Prevention for more tips on how to prevent a bed bug infestation.
Health concerns from bed bug bites – Therapy
Most patients who are placed on systemic corticosteroids to treat the itching and burning often associated with bed bug bites find that the lesions are poorly responsive to this method of treatment. Antihistamines have been found to reduce itching in some cases, but they do not affect the appearance and duration of the lesions. Topical corticosteroids, such as hydrocortisone, have been reported to expediently resolve the lesions and decrease the associated itching.
Diseases that can be of a health concern from bed bug bites.
Bedbugs seem to possess all of the necessary prerequisites for being capable of passing diseases from one host to another, but there have been no known cases of bed bugs passing disease from host to host. There are at least twenty-seven known pathogens (some estimates are as high as forty-one) that are capable of living inside a bed bug or on its mouthparts. Extensive testing has been done in laboratory settings that also conclude that bed bugs are unlikely to pass disease from one person to another. Therefore bedbugs are less dangerous than some more common insects such as the flea. However, transmission of Chagas disease or hepatitis B might be possible in appropriate settings.
Bed bugs can also harbor disease organisms such as plague, relapsing fever, Q fever and tularemia. Bed bugs can omdice nervous and digestive disorders in sensitive people, sleeplessness and irritability and they are generally viewed as a social stigma. Additionally, there are often distinct smells, described as “obnoxious sweetness”, associated with infestation.
Bed Bug Bites that Affects Children’s Health
The salivary fluid injected by bed bugs typically causes the skin to become irritated and inflamed, although individuals can differ in their sensitivity. Anaphylactoid reactions produced by the injection of serum and other nonspecific proteins are observed and there is the possibility that the saliva of the bedbugs may cause anaphylactic shock in a small percentage of people. It is also possible that sustained feeding by bedbugs may lead to anemia. It is also important to watch for and treat any secondary bacterial infection.
When you learn that children have become anemic due to the multiple and ongoing feedings by bed bugs, you begin to understand that a combination of defensive options may be in the best interest of your family.
Bed bug bite Treatment Methods
Many patients also experience temporary relief of itching and inflammation with the application of hot water to the bite. The water should be quite hot (about 120 degrees F) because if it is not hot enough it may cause aggravation of the symptoms. The water should be hot enough to cause minor discomfort, but care must be taken not to burn the skin and this treatment should only be self-administered in order to reduce the risk of a burn. Itching and inflammation can be relieved for several hours by applying hot running water, a hot washcloth, or even using a blow dryer to heat the area of the bite, for 10 seconds to 1 minute (or longer if desired). There is disagreement as to why heat causes the symptoms to abate. Some hypotheses propose that heat overwhelms the nerve endings that signal itch, that heat neutralizes the chemical that causes the inflammation, or that heat triggers a large release of histamine causing a temporary histamine deficit in the area.
Good sanitation and hygiene habits will help prevent the infestation of bed bugs. The entire room or house should be searched and inspected frequently for indications of bed bugs infestation. This will aid in preventing a severe bed bug infestation. Be sure to use a pro-quality bed bug spray for frequent treatment in any hotels, motels, personal dwellings and anywhere bed bugs are a potential problem.