Subterranean Termite

Subterranean Termite
Size: 1/2 - 5/8"
Color: Pale(worker) / Reddish brown head(soldier)
Infestation: Timber, Soil
Found: Worldwide
Questions & Answers : How to get rid of Subterranean termites (13)
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Subterranean Termite Control

Subterranean termites are the most common and also the most widely spread termite species in North America, including the United States. There are several representing groups that will all generalize to subterranean termites but will be differentiated really by the location of where they are infesting or just one or two unique behaviors. Because subterranean termites will not only ruin the aesthetics of a house or a wooden building, but also create severe structural damage to a house or building over time, it is extremely important to gain control of subterranean termites.

More Subterranean termite pictures are available on Pest Mall's blog. You can find pictures of Subterranean termite damage, treatment methods and general pictures of Subterranean termites.

Subterranean Termite Control Products

Liquid Termite Control Borate Wood Treament Termite Spray Termite Bait Products Termite Foam
Termite Liquid insecticides Borate Wood Treaments Termite Sprays Termite Bait Products Termite Foams
Termite Granules Termite Dust
Termite Granules Termite Dusts

Subterranean Termite Identification

There are several different groups in a subterranean termite colony that will work together to survive and forage for food. These groups include primary swarmers, secondary swarmers, worker termites, and soldier termites. They slightly vary in physical appearance and also have a role in the colony in order for the colony to mature and develop.

Primary and secondary swarming subterranean termites are also known as the reproductive termites because they are in charge of reproducing the offspring. Primary swarmers are black in color or a pale yellowish brown color. The secondary swarmers are almost white in color but have a more creamy appearance. Although the primary swarmers possess wings, the secondary swarmers are generally wingless or posses very short wings. The wings of the primary swarmers are a pale or a brownish color and have only a few visible veins. Workers and soldier subterranean termites make up most of the subterranean termite colony. They are creamy white in color and do not possess wings like the swarming termites do. They range in size from ΒΌ of an inch to 3/8 inch long. The only major difference between the two is that soldier termites have a head that is larger than the pronotum. Their heads are also a pale brown color. Furthermore, soldier termites have prominent mandibles that protrude out the front of their heads.

Subterranean Termite Behavior

Many homeowners may be alarmed when they notice that there are winged swarming termites that come up from the ground that is close to their homes. However, even though this may not mean that you have a mature infestation that has invaded their house, finding a swarmer might be a red flag to begin looking into getting an inspection completed for subterranean termites. This is because it takes some time for subterranean termites to begin infesting wood and will spend time to establish their colony below the ground first. They live underground in huge colonies and will forage and breed underground as well. This is under normal circumstances and when they have established themselves, they may begin to move up the structure if there is moisture source that is available. They will begin to create mud tunnels to conserve moisture which can completely ruin the aesthetics of the house. Colony sizes are huge and under optimal circumstances, colonies can get over 7 million termites large.

Subterranean Termite Damage

In order to survive, subterranean termites must feed on wood and other cellulose materials. They are able to travel up to 100 yards to start establishing a colony near an adequate food source. Also, unlike drywood or dampwood termites, subterranean termites need consistent moisture source in their wood and also require ground contact because they will build their nests underground. The moisture source is provided by leaks, plumbing leaks, shower leaks, and etc.

Subterranean termites are able to cause the most extensive damage to wood and are considered the most destructive wood pest in the United States. The damage can be seen by the infested wood appearing layered with soil deposits inside the galleries and tunnels. Also, when the subterranean termite colonies are more established, they will create aerial nests and build mud tunnels that run up the structure to provide a damp space or to deposit water sources in the mud. These types of damages can ruin the aesthetics of a building, cause structural damage, and also create damages that are almost irreversible and costly to manage.

How to Get Rid of Subterranean Termites

The first and most important part of subterranean termite control is to inspect and identify the termite species. There are several signs of infestation that people can use to identify the subterranean termite infestation. These include swarming termites, shed wings, mud tunnels, and damaged wood that has been infested.

  • Swarming termites are maybe the first red flag of a subterranean infestation. There are signs of swarmers around lights and also around window frames, window sills, and door frames.
  • Shed wings can be found on top of window sills. They may also be found on cobwebs outdoors and indoors.
  • Mud Tunnels are signs that subterranean termites are moving up the structure and will appear in a vertical shape that runs up the interior and exterior walls of the foundation.
  • Damaged wood is a sign of an established colony. They have begun to feed and damage the wood. Tunnels with soil inside will follow the grain of the wood.

After acknowledging that it is a subterranean termite infestation that has invaded your home or structure, there are several steps to eliminate the termites. This will involve both mechanical and chemical control. Mechanical control consists of altering the surrounding environment so that infestations are discouraged. This will mean maintaining the nearby trees, vines and other cellulose materials from touching the building. Also, wood pieces like fire wood and other lumber should be not stacked and piled near the building as well. Moreover, because subterranean termites require a moisture source, make alterations around the home that will eliminate the moisture from the wood. By installing crawl space vents, gutters, splash blocks, and etc, homeowners can eliminate possible moisture problems that can help discourage subterranean termites from infesting a building.

Chemical treatment is a method of control that is necessary to eliminate subterranean termites. Many homeowners and professionals will use a monitoring and baiting system to protect the house before a termite colony is established. By installing monitoring stations underground, they can detect any infestations before they begin to forage on the wood for food. Once the monitoring blocks detect a subterranean termite colony, they can be replaced with chemical bait cartridges that will kill the termites that forage on it. Also, there is a trench treatment control method that is done either without bait stations or in conjunction with the bait stations. An appropriately labeled termiticide is injected into the ground and the termiticide then creates a barrier under the structure. Many people choose to use non-repellent termiticides so that the subterranean termites can go about their daily routines without detecting the poison.

Read all product labels before any pesticides are applied. If you have questions on a termite control program for your house or structure, feel free to talk to a Pest Mall representative at 1-800-788-4142.

Do You Have a Question about this Product? Ask Our Experts!


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Q. What company should I choose one power spraying Cy kick, the other power spraying a product called demand cs. Both coming on a quarterly basis
I've decided to use a pest service on my home in Austin tx, I know the heat breaks down product as well as rains that we get in the Austin area every once in a while, I've broke my decision down to two companies, one is saying the product they will power spray is Cy-kick. The other company says they will be power spraying the product Demand cs. My main bugs that we are dealing with are scorpions, spiders, Beatles, and an occasional wasp.. Both companies are around the same price both wanting to come out quarterly. What's the main differences and if you were in my shoes and with your expertise, which product would you choose to be treated on your home for those specific issues.
A.   We recommend using Demand CS because it is a micro-encapsulated product. Therefore, Demand CS has a longer residual time.
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Q. can anyone purchase Boracare Termiticide
A.   Yes, anyone can buy Boracare from our web store. We do have a broker's license that allows us to sell it to the general public AS LONG AS they are using it for personal pest control and not for commercial resale or distribution.
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Q. Can you use a garden hose end sprayer to apply Cy-Kick Cs to home and yard?
A.   As long as the garden hose sprayer can calibrate the correct dilution ratio, then yes, you can use a garden hose sprayer to apply the CY-kick insecticide.
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Q. how to cancel an order?
A.   If your order was placed after hours or in the mornings before 12 PM EST, you must contact us to cancel the order before 3 PM EST. The best way ensure the cancellation is to call us at 1-800-788-4142. If your order has already been shipped, unfortunately, we will not be able to cancel it.
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Q. you have size exta-large tall?
A.   Our bee suits are all standard size. We do not have an extra tall size for our suits.
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Q. flytech 15 if you have a cross ref.
A.   Here is the link to all of our fly traps: http://www.pestmall.com/search.php?keywords=fly light Trap&x=0&y=0
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Q. Bayer Merit Application
When is the best time of the year to apply merit?
A.   The "best time" to apply Merit would really depend on the pest that you are targeting and also the region that you live in. Consider contacting your local Cooperative Extension System Offices. They are able to give you time frame of the "best time" to apply depending on what you are targeting.
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Q. how scoops of cyber wp goes into a 32oz bottle of water
A.   Depending on the target pest, the dilution rate of Cyper WP is 1 or 2 scoops per gallon of water. Please refer to the product label for a list of the target pests and the dilution rate according to the target pest.
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Q. Live in N.Y. can I purchase Boracare Termiticide
A.   Yes you can. Boracare is registered in the state of New York.
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Q. What kills dust mites. Benzrid?
I had a bed couch steam cleaned and now keep getting bit by mites I covered the mattress allergy plastic cover How can I get rid of mites apparently in the rug :? What should I do Had the couch cleaned on the 9/7 applied cover 9/17
A.   There are several different products for Dust Mite control. Look into Steri-fab, which is a spray that does not have a residual but is great for an initial treatment or one time treatment. Also, Bedlam Bed Bug Spray has dust mites on the product label that is a great product as well and has a short residual of about 1 week to 2 weeks.
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