Cockroach Control

Mar/1/2012
Written by Pestmall.com

Cockroach Control

There are about 6 species that will invade homes and businesses in the United States. These cockroach species include German cockroaches, American cockroaches, Oriental cockroaches, brown-banded cockroaches, smokey brown cockroaches, and wood cockroaches. Cockroaches are important health risks. This is because they will contaminate our food and are carriers of pathogens like E. coli, which can lead to human diseases like food poisoning or diarrhea. Moreover, cockroaches can trigger allergies and asthma in some people and especially in small children.

Cockroach Identification

For any pest, it is important that you are able to identify the species before applying any pesticides. For cockroach control, it is important to identify the species that you are trying to get rid of because it will help you to more efficiently get rid of the infestation. For instance, if you are dealing with an American cockroach infestation, you will have to do outdoor control. For German cockroach infestations, it's more effective to do indoor control because they nest inside.

With that said, you can easily identify cockroaches by doing little research and Pest Mall would like to help you with that. Generally, cockroaches are fairly flat and oval in shape. They do possess antennae and wings, although only a few species can actually fly. Cockroaches have six legs with especially long hind legs. Compare the cockroach with the bottom chart so that you can get a better idea of what species of cockroaches you are fighting against. Feel free to give us a call at 1-800-788-4142 if you have any questions about identifying the pest.

German cockroach Brownbanded cockroach American cockroach Oriental cockroach Smokey brown cockroach Wood cockroach
Picture German cockroach picture German cockroach picture German cockroach picture German cockroach picture German cockroach picture
Color Tan to light brown Tan and light brown/ two broad brown bands on their wings Reddish Brown Distinctively Shiny and black Mahogany brown Dark brown/ light-colored bands on the edge of the body
Size 1/2 to 5/8 inches 5/8 inch 1-1/4 to 2-1/8 inches 1 inch 1-1/4 to 1-1/2 inches 1/2 to 1 inch
Nesting Inside structures / cracks and crevices Inside structures / cracks and crevices Dark and moist areas / may enter structures Moist area / Basement s and crawl spaces Outside / in mulch, leaf litter, woodpiles and tree bark Outside / wooded areas in rotting logs and under loose bark

Cockroach Behavior

Cockroaches are generally nocturnal insects, which means that they will hide during the day and their peak activity of foraging for food will happen during the nighttime. Depending on the species of cockroach, the places where they will nest and hide will be slightly different. Some roaches are considered "outdoor roaches" and nest outside, while others are considered "indoor roaches" and will nest and stay inside to forage for food. Some of the target places you will most often find cockroaches are in the kitchen, bathroom, basements, crawlspaces, and etc. Remember though, that depending on the species, the preferred hiding location will change. However, whether they are outdoor or indoor roaches, all cockroaches have a broad spectrum of places that can be considered as their food source. The fact that such a wide spectrum of materials can be considered a food source for cockroaches and because they are able to reproduce quickly, cockroaches infestations can become overwhelming very quickly. It is important to act immediately when an infestation is suspected. How to Get Rid of Cockroaches

Monitor: If you suspect a cockroach infestation, it is best to monitor for them before applying any infestation. Monitoring can be done with glue boards or insect glue traps. At Pest Mall, we provide a variety of insect glue traps and we also even provide a roach monitor glue trap that is baited with pheromones to intensify attraction to the trap. Some of the areas that these monitoring traps should be placed are on window sills, behind and under appliances like the refrigerator and stove, under the sinks, and other tight areas against edges. Keep in mind that insect glue traps will not actually eradicate an entire infestation, but it will definitely help you monitor the infestation as you are treating.

Sanitation : Sanitation is a crucial part of cockroach control. Although they have a broad spectrum of food sources, keeping your home and office clean of crumbs and liquids will dramatically reduce the chances of their survival. By keeping up with routine sanitation, you can minimize their chances of infesting your home and becoming frequent visitors to forage for food.

Exclusion : Cockroaches can actually be brought in quite easily from stored boxes or other infested material. They can also fit through cracks and crevices under doors, in cracked window frames, utility lines that enter the building, and other cracks and crevices that are located around the perimeter of the structure. It's important that you remove clutter and stacked boxes. Sealing the cracks and crevices around the perimeter of the structure as well as cracks and crevices inside the home that can be used as a resting spot for roaches is also very important. Other mechanical changes like fixing broken window screens, making sure that cracks under the doors are fixed, and checking utility lines are also important parts of exclusion.

Cockroach Baits

Cockroach baiting is one of the most effective ways to get rid of roaches. Since there are different formulations of cockroach baits available in the market, you can target a wide variety of areas to make sure you are able to target all areas of infestation. With cockroach baits, you will notice a kind of "domino effect" where even the contaminated roaches will share the poison through feces and feeding on carcasses. Some of the most common active ingredients that are used for cockroach bait products are active ingredients like Fipronil, Indoxacarb, and Hydramethylnon.

Common Roach Bait Products Available

Active Ingredient Products Gel or Station
Dinotefuran Alpine Roach Bait Gel
Advance Roach Bait
Gel
Gel
Fipronil Maxforce FC Roach Bait Station
Maxforce FC Roach Bait Gel
Maxforce FC Magnum
Maxforce FC Select Roach Bait
Station
Gel
Gel
Gel
Hydramethylnon Maxforce Small Roach Bait Station
Maxforce Pro Roach Bait Gel
Station
Gel
Indoxacarb Advion Roach Bait Gel
Advion Roach Bait Arena
Gel
Station
Imidacloprid Invict Gold Roach Bait Gel

Cockroach Sprays

Many people look to contact kill insecticides for cockroach control. There is an extensive list of cockroach control products that come in the spray form, whether it is an instant knockdown aerosol or a long residual liquid concentrate spray. Some of the most frequently used sprays are made such active ingredients like Deltamethrin, Bifenthrin, Permethrin, and Cyfluthrin. Of course, cockroach control products are not limited to these active ingredients and there are a lot of different active ingredients used to produce cockroach sprays.

Common Roach Spray Products Available

Active Ingredient Products Liquid/ Aerosol/WP
permethrin Permethrin SFR Liquid
Deltamethrin D-Force HPX
Suspend SC
D-Fense SC
Aerosol
Liquid
Liquid
Cyfluthrin Cy-Kick Spray
Cy-Kick CS
Tempo Ultra WP
Aerosol
Liquid
WP
cypermethrin Cynoff WP
Cyper WP
Demon WP
WP
WP
WP
Pyrethrin 565 Plus XLO
CB-80
CB-40
Evergreen Pyrethrum Conc.
Microcare
Aerosol
Aerosol
Aerosol
Liquid
Aerosol
Acephate Orthen PCO WP

Cockroach Dusts

Like sprays, cockroach dusts provide a contact kill and the cockroaches must actually walk through treated areas to be effected by the dusts. Dusts provide effective control when they are applied to isolated locations and in other hard to reach or restricted areas, because of their long residual time. Some of the most common places that cockroach dusts are used are in areas like the wall void, under and behind appliances, and etc.

Common Roach Dust Products Available

Active Ingredient Products Application
Abamectin Avert Dry Flowable Roach Bait Dry Powder
Dinotefuran Alpine Dust Dust
Pyrethrins Evergreen Dust
Drione Dust
Dust
Dust
Orthoboric Acid CB Borid Boric Acid
Permadust Boric Acid
Dust
Dust Aerosol
Cyfluthrin Tempo 1% Dust
Deltamethrin Delta Dust Dust

Cockroach IGRs

Insect Growth Regulators (IGRs) are made from chemicals that do not have a killing effect. Rather, it will interrupt their physical development while they are still in the young stages. Essentially, it keeps them from reproducing because they are unable to physically mature. For insects that reproduce very quickly, like cockroaches, IGRs will be a critical part of elimination.

Common Roach IGR Products Available

Active Ingredient Products Application
Hydroprene Gentrol IGR
Gentrol Point Source
Gentrol Aerosol
Liquid
Station
Aerosol
Nylar Martins IGR Liquid
Pyridine Archer IGR
NyGuard IGR
NyGuard EZ1
Liquid
Liquid
Liquid