Lyme Disease and Tick Management

Lyme Disease and Tick Management

Fat Tick after meal

Lyme disease is transmitted directly through bites from ticks, and it is caused by bacteria that the tick is carrying. Out of all 50 states, Lyme disease has occurred in 47.

Some of the symptoms an infected person might experience include fever, headaches, joint and muscle pains, and other flu-like symptoms. Also, the bitten area will produce a red rash which will then expand into concentric circles outward which looks similar to a target or bulls-eye. However, with proper treatment through antibiotics, Lyme disease can be treated effectively. Though there are methods to treat Lyme disease, there is still no vaccine for the sickness. Humans are not the only ones who can be affected by Lyme disease. Dogs, cattle, and horses can also be infected by this sickness. In dogs, an owner might be able to decipher whether their dog has Lyme disease if it has a loss in appetite, is depressed, or lethargic. It is best to take preventative measures to ensure house pets are tick free, because if the dog does become ill with Lyme disease, the treatment can be long and quite expensive. Unlike humans, dogs are able to get a vaccine for Lyme disease. Two main ticks that are known to carry Lyme disease are the deer tick and the western black-legged tick. Another popular tick found mostly in Nebraska is the lone-star tick.

So what preventative measures can a person take in order to reduce the probability of being pestered by this pest?

  • A person should keep their grass nicely trimmed so that tick hosts are not able to remain there for a long period of time.
  • Always remember to stay out of tick-infested areas! If you are able to avoid it, it is ALWAYS a better idea to stay away from grassy pastures, prairies, and wooded areas because ticks are commonly found in those areas.
  • If it is unavoidable, and you are required to walk near or through a tick-infested area, make sure to wear appropriate clothing. Long-sleeved shirts, long pants that are tight near the cuffs, and light colored clothing are principal for those types of situations.
  • Another popular method is to wear insect repellant. Using a repellant that contains diethyl toluamide would be the ultimate repellant.

The removal of ticks can be difficult for some. When removing a tick, you want to use forceps or tweezers. Gently grip the tick at the point of attachment pulling upward and downward in a slow manner. DO NOT grip the tick on its body. When pushing down on the body of a tick, it can re-inject disease and blood into your body. Sometimes, the head will stay attached to your skin while the body falls off. After removing the head, or the entire tick, wash the infected area with warm water and soap or alcohol.

As far as the rest of the infestation is concerned, looking into residual insecticides are suggested for tick infestations.


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Date: Thursday, 14. January 2010 12:53
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