Bed Bugs Health Risk / Treatment

Bed Bug Control, Health Risk, Treatments

Bed bug bites- Health Risks:


When the resurgent epidemic of bed bugs around the whole world, researchers have discovered that health risks can be involved with bed bug bites.

Reactions to bed bug bites can be different depending upon the individual’s skin type and environment. Usually the bites consist of flat welts or elevated red bumps that itch terribly. These bumps are usually an allergic reaction to the anesthetic saliva that bed bugs inject during feeding. Other severe but rare cases of bites can lead to nausea and illness. A common response to bed bug infestations and bites are stress, anxiety, and insomnia.

Although it seems that bed bugs will be likely to pass on diseases from host to host, there actually have been many extensive lab tests that conclude bed bugs are unlikely to pass diseases from different hosts. Therefore bed bugs are more of a social stigma than dangerous pests.


Bed bug bite Treatment Methods


Temporary relief of itching and inflammation can be sought by application of hot water to the bitten area. The water should be hot enough to cause minor discomfort, but not hot enough to burn the skin. When handling hot water for temporary relief, treatment should be self administered to reduce the risk of burns.

Following the treatment, good sanitation and getting rid of any clusters will help prevent further spread of the infestation. Continual inspection for the activity of bed bugs will also help with the treatment.

Look further on Bed Bug Prevention for more tips on how to prevent a bed bug infestation.


Health concerns from bed bug bites – Therapy

Most patients who are placed on systemic corticosteroids to treat the itching and burning often associated with bed bug bites find that the lesions are poorly responsive to this method of treatment. Antihistamines have been found to reduce itching in some cases, but they do not affect the appearance and duration of the lesions. Topical corticosteroids, such as hydrocortisone, have been reported to expediently resolve the lesions and decrease the associated itching.

Diseases that can be of a health concern from bed bug bites.

Bedbugs seem to possess all of the necessary prerequisites for being capable of passing diseases from one host to another, but there have been no known cases of bed bugs passing disease from host to host. There are at least twenty-seven known pathogens (some estimates are as high as forty-one) that are capable of living inside a bed bug or on its mouthparts. Extensive testing has been done in laboratory settings that also conclude that bed bugs are unlikely to pass disease from one person to another. Therefore bedbugs are less dangerous than some more common insects such as the flea. However, transmission of Chagas disease or hepatitis B might be possible in appropriate settings.

Bed bugs can also harbor disease organisms such as plague, relapsing fever, Q fever and tularemia. Bed bugs can omdice nervous and digestive disorders in sensitive people, sleeplessness and irritability and they are generally viewed as a social stigma. Additionally, there are often distinct smells, described as “obnoxious sweetness”, associated with infestation.

Bed Bug Bites that Affects Children’s Health

The salivary fluid injected by bed bugs typically causes the skin to become irritated and inflamed, although individuals can differ in their sensitivity. Anaphylactoid reactions produced by the injection of serum and other nonspecific proteins are observed and there is the possibility that the saliva of the bedbugs may cause anaphylactic shock in a small percentage of people. It is also possible that sustained feeding by bedbugs may lead to anemia. It is also important to watch for and treat any secondary bacterial infection.

When you learn that children have become anemic due to the multiple and ongoing feedings by bed bugs, you begin to understand that a combination of defensive options may be in the best interest of your family.

Bed bug bite Treatment Methods

Many patients also experience temporary relief of itching and inflammation with the application of hot water to the bite. The water should be quite hot (about 120 degrees F) because if it is not hot enough it may cause aggravation of the symptoms. The water should be hot enough to cause minor discomfort, but care must be taken not to burn the skin and this treatment should only be self-administered in order to reduce the risk of a burn. Itching and inflammation can be relieved for several hours by applying hot running water, a hot washcloth, or even using a blow dryer to heat the area of the bite, for 10 seconds to 1 minute (or longer if desired). There is disagreement as to why heat causes the symptoms to abate. Some hypotheses propose that heat overwhelms the nerve endings that signal itch, that heat neutralizes the chemical that causes the inflammation, or that heat triggers a large release of histamine causing a temporary histamine deficit in the area.

Good sanitation and hygiene habits will help prevent the infestation of bed bugs. The entire room or house should be searched and inspected frequently for indications of bed bugs infestation. This will aid in preventing a severe bed bug infestation. Be sure to use a pro-quality bed bug spray for frequent treatment in any hotels, motels, personal dwellings and anywhere bed bugs are a potential problem.

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Date: Monday, 17. January 2011 5:39
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  1. 1

    I don’t want to use toxic materials or sprays, so are there any safe, nontoxic sprays to get rid of the bedbugs. I am elderly and have severe arthritis, live alone, and cannot change my bed without help, so constant sheet washing is going to be very difficult to manage. Any suggestions?

    Virginia Meyer

  2. 2

    Hello Ms. Meyer,

    The only nontoxic spray that you can use for bed bugs would be Sterifab. However before you begin any chemical treatment the best method of approach is to encase you mattress and box spring. This way you can eliminate a majority of the bed bugs that could be hiding inside your mattress and box spring. Encasing your mattress and box spring is one of the most important steps for bed bug elimination. I hope this helped!

  3. 3

    We have been infested for 6 to 8 months. We are unable to afford 1200 to 1500 dollars to rid us this problem.
    We have a two story row home with 10 rooms and a basement. what is the cheapest, fastest and safe way of ending our problem?
    We also have people with breathing problems, such as asmue and alergies.
    I cannot sleep and have diarea problems for days. Can bed bugs create my heath issues?

  4. 4

    Hi Matt,

    Sorry to hear of the troubles you are facing with the infestation. The first thing that is highly recommended for any one infested with bed bugs is to encase all mattresses and box springs where the bed bugs could easily be hiding. Secondly get rid of any clusters where the bed bugs can easily hide. It is also recommended that you wash all of your clothes in hot water and dry them in high temperatures. Excessive heat is known to kill bed bugs therefore they offer a treatment called thermal remediation and although it may be chemical free it can be quite costly. From all different method of effective bed bug treatment, do it yourself chemical treatment is probably the most cost friendly and efficient way to rid of bed bugs. However since you did mention that health issues may be of concern it is highly recommended that you take a copy of the product’s Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) to a physician before proceeding with the treatment to make sure that you will be able to safely use the pesticide for your condition. It has not yet been proven that major health issues may occur with an infestation of bed bugs, however there are common instances where mental stress from the bed bugs could cause small side effects.

  5. 5

    I have a small baby 4 months old and i discovered there many bedbugs in our scared to use pesticide because he might affected by those in kenya.what is the best pesticide to use.

  6. 6

    Hello. The bed bug products in our bed bug kits are safe to use as long as they are dried after application except for dust products. Dust products should be used only in areas of minimal or no contact. However, infants may react differently to different products so there is no guarantee for the products to be used around infants.

  7. 7

    i have just recently moved out on my own and have come across this bed bug issue in my own home. I would like to know where the bed bug kits can be purchased and how to properly apply it.
    thank you:)

  8. 8

    Bed bug kits can be purchased on our website! Here is a link to all the kits we offer: Since the kits are all different, it would be a bit difficult to tell you exactly how to apply the kits. However, if you give us a call or email us, we have a document that we can email you that has everything you need to know about how to apply the products! Also, try to get a bed bug kit that is slightly larger than the area you are treating. For example, if you only need to treat 1 room, get the bed bug kit for 1-2 rooms. This is just to be safe and will also cover any circumstances in which the bed bugs may return.

  9. 9

    I am on the end part of getting rid of bed bugs (wish I would have seen this site before hand!!) and everyone is telling me to wrap my matress and box springs in plastic of some sort…. what kind do I get? Do I just get a simple plastic cover? I don’t want to run into this problem again, so I would like to do whatever I can to get rid of them. Luckily for me, it’s 115 degrees where I live and I have shut off my house and vacated until this problem is fixed, so it’s about 100 degrees in my house (no joke). Any advice on this would be very grateful.

  10. 10

    Hi Lynn,
    You want to get mattress and box spring encasements that are certified bed bug encasements. If it doesn’t have a certification stamp on its cover, it’s not reliable. All of the mattress encasements Pest Mall sells are certified, so look into those for one!

  11. 11

    Do bedbugs get on cats or other animals

  12. 12

    Hi Cal,

    If there are no other food sources, then yes, it is possible that they can get on cats and other animals. However, unlike fleas, they are not able to readily maneuver through fur or even hair on people so it is not likely that they would thrive on animals. If you have any further questions or comments, please feel free to contact us again.

  13. 13

    1 last, Michele, you go girl….thank you!!!!

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